Political Science (200 Marks)
PAPER I- (Marks – 100)
Part-A (50 Marks)
I. Western Political Thought:
Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Mill, Bentham, Hegel, Marx, Lenin, Mao, Gramsci, Karl Popper, Pierre Bourdieu, John Rawls, Frances Fukuyama, Foucault, Derrida, Kierkegaard, Jean Paul Sartre, Rene Descartes.
II. Muslim Political Thought:
Al-Farabi, Al-Mawardi, Ibn Rushd, Imam Ghazali, Ibn Taymiyyah, Nizam-ul-MulkTusi, Ibn Khaldun, Shah Waliullah, Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Jamaluddin Afghni, Rashid Rida.
Part -B (50 Marks)
III. State System:
The nature and emergence of modern nation-state system, Islamic concept of state and Ummah.
IV. Political Concept (Western and Islamic):
Sovereignty, Justice, Law, Liberty, Freedom, Equality, Rights and Duties, Human Rights, Political Authority and Power.
V. Comparative Politics:
Political Socialization, Political Culture, Political Development, Political Recruitment, Social Change, Civil Society, Violence and Terrorism in Politics, Gender and Politics, Women Empowerment.
VI. Political Participation:
Political Change and Revolution, Elections, Electoral System, Public Opinion, Propaganda, Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Lobbies.
VII. Political Institutions and Role of Government:
Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, Political Elites, Civil and Military Bureaucracy.
VIII. Forms of Government:
Monarchy, Democratic, Dictatorship, Totalitarian/Authoritarian, Unitary, Federal, Confederation, Presidential and Parliamentary.
IX. Political Ideologies:
Capitalism, Marxism, Communism, Socialism, Totalitarism, Fascims, Nationalism, Islamic Political Ideology.
X. Local Self Government:
Theory and practice of Local Self-Government with special reference to Pakistan, Comparative analyses of systems of local governance, Public Administration and Public Policy.
Part-A (30 Marks)
I. Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems:
Political System of U.S.A, U.K, France and Germany
II. Global and Regional Integration
Globalization and Politics, Global Civil Society, Regional politico-economic integration and organizational structure of the European Union, SAARC, ECO, International Financial Regimes IMF and WTO.
Part-B (70 Marks)
III. Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems:
Political system of Turkey, Iran, Malaysia, India and China.
IV. Political Movements in India (Colonial Period):
Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia and Pakistan Movement (with special reference to the role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah)
V. Government and Politics in Pakistan:
Constitution making from 1947 -1956, A comparative and critical analysis of 1956, 1962, 1973 Constitutions of Pakistan, Constitutional Amendments up-to-date, Federal Structure in Pakistan, and Central-Provincial relations after 18th amendment,
Political Culture of Pakistan, Political Developments and the Role of Civil and Military Bureaucracy, Judiciary, Feudalism, Dynastic Politics, Political Parties and Interest Groups, Elections and Voting Behavior, Religion and Politics, Ethnicity and National Integration.
VI. International Relations:
History of International Relations: Post World War-II (WW-II) Period. Foreign Policy of Pakistan: National Interests and Major Determinants i-e
- Economic Development
- Advancement in Technology
- National Capacity
- Political Parties/Leadership
- National Interest
- Role of Press/Bureaucracy
- Social Structure
- Public Opinion
- Foreign Policy-making Process in Pakistan
Also External Factors like International Power Structure, International Organizations, World Public Opinion and Reaction of other States.